Linking words

 

Adding

Contrasting

Expressing cause / reason

 

*and

as well as

Firstly,

Secondly,

Moreover,

Furthermore,

What is more,

In addition,

Besides,

Next,

another point is that

not only .... but also

 Finally

relative clauses

who                 where

that                  which

whose              to whom

when                what

why

*but

However,

Nevertheless,

Nonetheless

although

even though

though

despite

in spite of

on the contrary,

on one hand

on the other hand,

whereas

while

for one thing,

in contrast,

neither...nor

both ... and

either ... or

because

as

since

as a result,

this is why

because of

due to

owing to

for this reason,

 on account of

Expressing effect / result

*so

so....that

such a...that

therefore

thus

consequently,

too...for/to

not enough...for/to

 

Narration

Expressing purpose

 

First (of all)

At first

At the beginning

In the beginning

then

next

Before

After

After that

afterwards

When

While

during

Soon

prior to

immediately

Once

Suddenly

As soon as

on

No sooner....than

Hardly...when

Finally

Eventually

At the end

In the end

At last

To begin with,

until

to

so as to

in order to

so that

for  

Expressing opinion

I would say

In my opinion/view

I think/guess/suppose

I believe

It seems to me

Personally

Apparently,

As for me/ As far as I’m concerned

 

Giving examples

Summing up / concluding

Emphasis

 

for example,

for instance,

this includes

such as eg. (for example)

i.e. (that is)

All in all

overall

generally

In conclusion,

on the whole

in the main

To sum up,

especially

particularly

Naturally,

exactly because

above all

Whatever

Whenever

too / enough

The more ....

 

He was kept in after school due to/owing to his bad behaviour.

Our plane took off late on account of/because of a heavy rainfall.

 
 
 

 

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